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Carbon Nanotubes Found Everywhere and in Everything

The carbon nanotubes properties have provoked companies and researchers to acknowledge them in several fields which have caused a rapid growth of the carbon nanotubes market. Some of the applications and uses are listed below

Carbon Nanotubes and Healthcare

Researchers are working to improve dental implant by involving nanotubes externally on the implant material.  To monitor nitric oxide in the blood stream a sensor is developed using carbon nanotubes inserted in a gel that can be injected into the skin. With carbon nanotubes, a yarn woven artificial muscle is made and filled with wax to lift a weight that are 200 times heavy than the normal muscle of the natural size. Nanotubes are used in lab tests to eradicate breast cancer tumors by bounding an antibody produced by chickens. They are also helpful in detecting a protein that indicates the presence of oral cancer.

Energy and carbon nanotubes

Scientist exhibited an increase in the energy density for capacitors using carbon nanotubes in 3-D structure electrodes. For Li-ion batteries, in anodes, the use of silicon coated carbon nanotubes was demonstrated. To make catalyst Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes are preferred rather than platinum. They store ten times more energy as lithium-ion batteries. Researchers refined electrodes formed from carbon nanotubes evolving on graphene with a higher surface area and lower electrical resistance.  In the cathode layer of a battery, carbon nanotubes are used that can be formed on any surface. Carbon nanotubes can work as a catalyst in a fuel cell. The use expensive platinum should be avoided. Incorporation of iron atoms and nitrogen in the lattice of carbon of nanotubes develop into nanotubes that have catalytic properties.

Carbon Nanotubes and Environment

In the process of growing of carbon nanotubes, boron atom is added to cause them to evolve in the sponge-like material which absorbs its weight many times more in oil. Carbon nanotubes used to develop tiny less expensive water refining devices in developing countries. Carbon nanotubes smooth walls aid the water molecules pass more easily than the other types of nanopores that need less power. They are also useful in detecting a certain range of chemical vapors.

Carbon nanotubes in electronics

Carbon nanotubes made transistors enables minimal transistor dimensions to a few nanometers.  The method was discovered to aid the functioning of the integrated circuits with carbon nanotubes. To make the function work effectively they evolved methods to eradicate metallic nanotubes. Semiconductor nanotubes are left with the algorithm to deal with the misaligned nanotubes.

Carbon Nanotubes Effect on Materials

Evolution in research is developing composite base carbon nanotubes so when the voltage is applied they blend. The carbon nanotubes market is expanding its application segment in aerospace by the use of coated carbon nanotubes instead of conventional wire braid surrounded by the core of the cable.

Komal Surana

Author: Komal Surana

Sr. Content Writer and Editor, Inkwood Research

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