When a patient undergoes the treatment of depression, consuming antidepressant drugs will perhaps be a routine of its treatment. Developed in the 1950s, over the last 20 years, antidepressants have expanded progressively. They invigorate the patient’s mood and encourage them to start doing activities they enjoy and be decisive of the choices they make that boost positivity in life.
Antidepressant medications relieve various symptoms of depression, anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, seasonal affective disorders, dysthymia, chronic depression and many other conditions. They resolve the chemical imbalances of neurotransmitters in the brain as they are termed responsible, causing mood and behavioural changes. If one decides on for antidepressant medication, it’s crucial to be aware of its purpose and consequences. Antidepressants are not confined to only depression; they play a role in treating numerous conditions such as agitation, generalized anxiety disorder, manic-depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD), social anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, neuropathic pain and others. Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Sertraline, Agomelatine, Mirtazapine are some of the noteworthy drugs in the antidepressant market
The major five kinds of antidepressant drugs are namely Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Selective Serotonin Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors (SSNRIs), Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs), Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) and Noradrenaline and Specific Serotoninergic Antidepressants (NASSAs). The SNRIs and SSRIs both utilize serotonin for treating depression, although in different methods. TCAs, along with treating depression, is also associated with treating fibromyalgia, a disease of muscles which causes fatigue and pain. MAOIs medication treatment is preferred when the antidepressants fail to be effective. Since depression has serotonin deficiency, the inhibitors prevent the brain enzyme Monoamine Oxidase from breaking down the neurotransmitter. NASSAs aims in developing concentration of the neurotransmitters dually with noradrenaline in the synaptic cleft.
In addition, these antidepressants are associated with unpleasant potential risks mainly Seizures, Blurry Vision, Weight Gain, Anxiety, Headaches and Dizziness, Hypertension, Constipation or Diarrhea, Rashes, Dry Mouth, Edema, Sedation, Low Blood sugar and many more.
Diversified therapies are employed while treating patients with depression, which include cognitive behaviour therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, rational emotive behaviour therapy. Cognitive Behavior therapy is growing tremendously. This therapy is known for its explicit, systematic procedures and the most demanded depression therapy treatment in the world and is utilized for different medical purposes such as anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, psychosis, preventing mental illness, psychosis and mood disorders, etc. This psychotherapeutic approach plays a vital role in the treatment of (MDDs) major depressive disorders. The growing cases of depression is widening the scope of the CBT, rising its implementation.
Several devices are emerging in the antidepressants market for the effective treatment of mental health disorders. Some of them include deep brain stimulators, transcranial magnetic stimulators, Fisher Wallace stimulators, etc. Deep brain stimulator market is driving at a great pace. This neurological procedure plays a vital role in treating neurological movement disorders wherein the medication is not very effective. In this treatment, the neurological device is implanted in the brain, and specific areas are targeted using MRI and CT. Parkinson’s diseases, chronic pain, OCD, dystonia and tremors are some of the disorders treated using deep brain stimulators.
Antidepressant Addiction and Misuse
Often the patients are misdiagnosed with depression for sadness, which leads the patient to consume drugs that they never required. Antidepressants are dissimilar to other drugs as they do give you mild ‘psychostimulation’ and other effects or even increase the urge for another dose. It takes weeks for antidepressants to start affecting, which influences the patient to consume the drug, assuming it is ineffectual.
There are instances where the patient’s abuse antidepressants to feel its effects, mixing it with alcohol. It is dangerous mixing alcohol with antidepressants because of its opposite effects that can worsen the depression, leading to an overdose.
To summarize, although antidepressants are an effectual alternative to overcome depression, getting addicted to these drugs can cause major risks. They surely, revitalize the patient’s mood, bring optimism and motivate them to be active and choose wisely of their actions but being dependent on their effects and upping their doses frequently will expose the patients to serious side effects.